Causes of domestic violence in Pakistan

Domestic violence is a way of behavior where one person in a relationship tries to control and lead the other person through physical, emotional, or other kinds of abuse. It can happen between partners, family members, or household members, and it’s not restricted to any specific gender, age, or socioeconomic status. Causes of domestic violence in Pakistan can have major and continuing effects on the sufferer’s physical and mental health, as well as on their overall well-being. Identifying and directing domestic violence is crucial to creating safer and healthier relationships and communities.

Domestic violence in Pakistan, as in many other countries, can be attributed to a variety of social, cultural, economic, and psychological factors. Here are some of the key Causes of domestic violence in Pakistan:

  • Masculine Society
  • Cultural Norms and Practices
  • Lack of Education and Awareness
  • Economic Reliance
  • Religious Understandings
  • Legal and Influential Challenges
  • Psychological Factors
  • Lack of Support Services
  • Men Being in Charge
  • Cultural Beliefs
  • Not Knowing Better
  • Money Problems
  • Misunderstanding Religion
  • Weak Rules and Help
  • Personal Issues
  • Lack of Help 

Masculine Society

Pakistan, like many other societies, has deeply rooted male-controlled norms where men are often considered the heads of households and hold more command and authority. This can lead to the defeat and harassment of women within the house.

Cultural Norms and Practices

Cultural norms and beliefs often ignore or standardize domestic violence. Concepts such as “family honor” and “women’s obedience” can achieve the acceptance of violence against women.

Lack of Education and Awareness

Limited education and awareness about gender equality, women’s rights, and the effects of domestic violence impact its occurrence. Many individuals, particularly in rural areas, may not be aware of legal defenses against domestic violence or may not have access to resources for support.

Economic Reliance

Economic dependence on the criminal can catch victims in abusive relationships. Women who lack financial independence may feel unable to leave abusive situations due to fear of economic difficulty or lack of other housing choices.

Religious Understandings

Misinterpretations of religious teachings or cultural practices may be used to rationalize or continue domestic violence. However, it’s important to note that Islam, like many other religions, criticizes violence against women and supports respect and kindness within families.

Legal and Influential Challenges

Weak execution of laws protecting women from domestic violence, as well as social dishonor and discrimination within the legal system, can prevent victims from getting justice or protection.

Psychological Factors

Issues such as stress, anger management problems, abuse, and mental health illnesses can cause domestic violence. These factors may worsen existing tensions within relationships and increase the probability of aggressive behavior.

Lack of Support Services

Limited convenience of shelters, counseling services, and legal aid for fighters of domestic violence can delay their ability to seek help and escape abusive circumstances.

Men Being in Charge

In Pakistan, men are often seen as the leads of families. This can at times lead to women being treated unjustly or even injured by men in their own homes.

Cultural Beliefs

Some beliefs in Pakistani culture make it look okay or normal for men to abuse women. For example, there’s a belief that a family’s “honor” is bound to how women behave, which can lead to controlling or violent behavior.

Not Knowing Better

Many people in Pakistan, specifically in rural areas, don’t know that it’s wrong to hurt someone in their family. They may not know about laws that protect women from violent behavior or where to get help if they require it.

Money Problems

Sometimes, women cannot leave abusive relationships for that they depend on the abuser for money. They worry about how they’ll live or take care of their kids if they leave.

Misunderstanding Religion

Sometimes, people misjudge religious lessons and think it’s okay to be violent towards women. But religions like Islam teach respect and humanity within families.

Weak Rules and Help

Laws protecting women from violence might not be effectively applied in Pakistan. This, along with favoritism in the legal system, makes it hard for victims to get help or justice.

Personal Issues

Problems like stress, anger, or exercising drugs, or alcohol can make somebody more likely to hurt their family members.

Lack of Help

There aren’t always circumstances for women to go if they need to leave a violent situation. They might not have access to counseling or legal help either.


In short, domestic violence is a huge problem altering families everywhere, including Pakistan. It happens when one person in a relationship tries to control or hurt the other person. This can happen in any type of relationship, and it’s not okay. To break the Causes of domestic violence in Pakistan, everyone needs to work collectively. We must teach people about healthy relationships, help victims get support, and hold abusers responsible for their behaviors. By doing this, we can make our societies safer and happier for every person.

Talking about domestic violence in Pakistan requires a multi-faceted method that includes legal improvements, educational initiatives, economic empowerment programs, and efforts to challenge male-controlled manners and cultural norms that spread violence against women.


Here are a few frequently asked questions (FAQs) about domestic violence:

 What’s domestic violence?

Domestic violence is when someone in a relationship hurts or controls the other person. It can be physically, emotionally, or even financially.

To whom does domestic violence affect?

Domestic violence can occur to any person, regardless of their age, gender, or background. It can happen between partners, family members, or people living in the same home.

Why does domestic violence happen?

Domestic violence can happen for several reasons. It might be because someone wants power and control over the other person, or they might have trouble with anger or stress.

How can one stop domestic violence?

One can stop domestic violence by educating anyone about healthy relationships, providing support for victims, and managing abusers answerable for their actions.

What should I do if I’m experiencing domestic violence?

If you’re experiencing domestic violence, it’s essential to reach out for help. You can talk to a trusted friend or family member, call a helpline, or get support from institutes that help victims of domestic violence.

Can domestic violence be prevented?

Yes, domestic violence can be stopped by raising respect, equality, and understanding in relationships. Teaching people about permission and limits is also important in preventing domestic violence.

Is domestic violence illegal?

Yes, domestic violence is against the law in several places. Some laws protect victims of domestic violence and punish those who do it.

Can we stop domestic violence completely?

While it’s difficult to remove domestic violence completely, we can work towards decreasing it by creating awareness, providing support services, and promoting healthy relationships.